The spread of covid-19 and psychiatric impact on indigenous peoples
Palavras-chave:COVID-19, Indigenous Peoples, Pandemic, Mental Health
Background: Information on strategies adopted by Indigenous peoples against COVID-19 is scarce, and history shows that Indigenous peoples in the Amazon region may be particularly affected by the pandemic.
Method: The studies were identified in well-known international journals found in two electronic databases: Scopus and Embase. The data were cross-checked with information from the main international newspapers.
Results: Mental disorders in the affective spectrum (unipolar major depression, dysthymia, bipolarity) and anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, panic attacks, social phobia) also mark the reality of Indigenous psychiatric vulnerability.
Conclusions: To mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on Indigenous communities in Brazil, a health service for Indigenous groups, a crisis office, and a monitoring panel were created. In the state of Amazonas, home to more Indigenous people than any other Brazilian state, 95% of the intensive care beds are occupied. Thus, mental health disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples may be related to the underlying economic, social, and political inequities that are legacies of colonization and oppression of Indigenous cultures; the disproportionate rates of mental disorders must be understood in context, not as intrinsic predisposition of Indigenous peoples, but as reflecting persistent inequalities.
Copyright (c) 2021 Jorge Lucas de Sousa Moreira, Pedro Walisson Gomes Feitosa, Danielly Gonçalves Sombra Lima, Bárbara Silveira Dionízio, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto, Tainã Brito Siebra de Oliveira
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.